ÇORUM TUMBLER

Only white color exist in USA. Extremely rare

ÇORUM TUMBLER

Postby Kurt Gürsu » Tue Mar 09, 2010 9:40 pm

As the breed's name suggests the Çorum clean-legged tumbler comes from the city of Çorum. Even though, this breed is some what known through out the country, it is really not a well known breed. To a degree, every clean-legged tumbling bird has been called ‘’Çorum çıplağı’’ (Naked Çorum).

My purpose of writing this article is to change the miss-information with correct information on the breed and to help with the creation of the standard for the breed. With this work, I hope Çorum breed will take it's deserved place with in the world of the pigeon keepers.

Why is Çorum called naked?

Since, it is a clean legged breed it is called naked in Turkey. Çorum in the name is attached to the breed because it is only kept in the city of Çorum and surrounding towns.

I think, the reason for it to be named "Naked" (Çıplak) is because most breeds kept in Anatolia are muffed. This popularity has been thought to bring out the esthetic of leg feathers in our opinion and the name for the breed was naturally created.

Çorum tumbler, just like the other breeds, has it's own characteristic qualities and must be kept with care to these characteristics by fanciers.

We will be updating this article as new and more in-dept information becomes available through fanciers and researchers.

Where is it kept?

Çorum tumbler, mainly raised in the townships around the city of Çorum, then in a lesser degree in the city of Çorum and surrounding few cities. Yozgat is another large city where this breed is kept with care to it's qualities. Even though it has been sent as a gift, by the fanciers out of Çorum, to every section of the country, including Urfa, İstanbul, Erzurum, Kocaeli, Ankara and Sivas, this breed has lost in popularity to other breeds because of the color and physical qualities. Being a clean-legged breed and having a limited number of colorations have been considered as a fault in other locations, it's performance has been overlooked because of these reasons and the Çorum Tumbler has found it self in the list of not-so-good-looking (!) breeds list. Because of this, an extremely valuable performance breed has been sacrificed to baseless superficial preferences.

Çorum tends to be a very good breeder. When the conditions are well, it is and easy breed to raise and keep. It also is not as sensitive to illnesses as other tumblers breeds. It is a very rare occurrence for these birds to be sick. Because of this, loss of young birds is extremely low in the breed.

Çorum breed is not systematically banded. Instead of this the fanciers tend to use decorative rings made out of porcelain, glass, silver and plastic.

We could not find any evidence of a study to find out how many Çorum tumblers exist. With hope of this type of a study to take place soon we will try to explain the qualities of this breed.

PHYSICAL QUALITIES:

Weight: 300 gr. +- 50 gr.

Oil gland: Çorum breed has an oil gland.

Head: Çorum's head shape, in general, is very round from all perspectives. Based on the bloodline, there are also longer and somewhat flat head shapes exist. This head shape is named as "ÇEKİÇ KAFA" (Hammer Head) and mostly seen in the white Çorums.

Beak: Govala color birds have black, Self whites and mottles have bone color beaks. Beak is medium in length and shaped rather thin and fragile. Compared to Taklas they have a smaller and rounder nose. Nose is an off white color and looks almost porous.

Eye: Eyes are as in most breeds are black in white self birds. Ring around the eye is also off white color and what we call is a double ring shape. In Çorum, birds with the double ring are named "KAYTENİ GÖZ" (kayteni eye). Eye color in govala birds is in general yellow or red, and every once in a while orange like red (ŞEŞ GÖZ). Black tail mottle birds, that come out when a black or purple (blue) govala Çorum is paired with white self, can have red and white mix, which is called "AKITMALI GÖZ" runny eye.

Image
purple govala

Neck and Throat: Neck tends to be one of the most important quality looked after when it is a govala type Çorum. Neck feathers must be purple in color and this purple coloring must extend down to the crop area. Where the purple color ends the white coloring, which we call the cut, starts as a line. Cut is an important esthetic quality in govala color birds. There are also govala color birds with out the cut but these birds are not considered to be as valuable. Purple govala can have a small white spots under the beak or on the sides of the neck. This is named "GERDAN" (Thick skin under the chin) or "GÜMÜŞ (Silver) GERDAN GOVALA". Neck rose can not be seen in Çorums.

Flight - Tail make up: In govala color birds the wing starts with at least 6 white flights and this can go up to 10-11-12. 8-9-10 white flight set up being the most prized wing coloring of them. Birds with 11+ white flights tend to have white feathers on the elbows and this is named as "MUSKALILIK". If the white flights are 8x8 they are named "with 16". Wing bars named "ELİF" and these bars almost always come in shetnut or brown colors. There is also the black barred govalas. these are considered to be less valuable compared to brown or chestnut barred birds. Govalas that have extra white coloring on the wings and/or the neck are named "ALAŞAR" (patched) govala.

Govala's tail color must be purple. Ones that have the chest and the tail purple color are also called "KARABAŞ KARAKUYRUK" (black-head black-tail). Tail feathers must be 12. Very rarely 13 tail feathers can be seen on a bird but these birds are not considered to be valuable. Mirrored tail (white feathers in the middle of the tail) can also be found in Çorum. Even though, this quality also is not considered to be valuable, we think it will gain popularity in the future.

Legs and ankles: Çorum has thin and delicate legs. Ankles must be very dark red color. Nails are white. Legs must be free of any feathers. 8 mm rings are the appropriate size for the breed. Absence of feathers on the legs is considered to be sign of an unmixed bird. When Çorum is paired with Takla the young birds will come out with half booths, not clean legged but also not fully muffed. In Çorum these types of birds are named "MIK AYAK" (no real translation for the name) or "İNİK" (downed) {Here, I would like to touch on a point: Out side of Çorum some breeders have mixed Çorum with different tumbler breeds in order to increase the performance of their birds and created a mutt breed. This breed is not muffed or clean legged. Since the muffs are not dominant in character the young of these birds show feathers in half of their legs. These mix-breed birds were sold in many places as ÇORUM. Because of this many fanciers know the Çorum breed as a Takla Mutt. Çorum, just like many other pigeon breeds is an individual pigeon breed and is being kept in Çorum and surrounding towns as a favorite breed.

General characteristics: It is a rather smallish breed compared to other tumbler breeds kept in Anatolia. Because of this, we can say it has a middle height. It displays an active, energetic and timid character. They can adapt to a new location very easliy and take flight with a slight movement by the fancier.

Stand: The photo below is a good example of the standard stand of the Çorum clean-legged tumbler.

Image
purple govala

Color arrangements: There are three main colors in Çorum tumbler but the breeders in Çorum have, by mixing purple govala and black govalas generated the grizzle color also. All grizzle color birds come from the mixture of the govala and self white birds. Since Çorum tumbler is not a well known breed even in Turkey any bird with clean legs, or even half muffed, which tumbles have been incorrectly named Çorum tumbler.

Purple govala: This is by far the most popular color make up in Çorum tumblers. One of the main reason for this popularity is the rareness of this color. This is basically a preference based on looks and have nothing to do with the performance of the birds. This color known as the purple govala in Çorum is known as the blue or sky and named as ‘’göğ’’. This word is pronounced in different areas as gök, göğ or goğ all meaning the sky color. the words Ala and ela are most commonly used for mixed colors anyway. These words and the way they are pronounced has created the words ‘’gökela’’ or ‘’gökala’’ and with local dialect changed to ‘’guvala’’ or ‘’govala’’.

Purple govala is considered to be as much valuable as it is a darker purple. The white patches and spots on the wings and around the neck are considered to be faults for this color. Exeptable white coloring starts from the belly and goes all the way down to the starting point of the tail. This marking must start and end in a line instead of blending into the other color. The purple must be cut sharply and the white must start from that point on. Even though the head crest is considered to be a fault in purple govala, it might become popular in the future and rarely seen on birds of this color. These types of birds are locally named "MOR KEKİLLİ GOVALA".

Image
purple govala

Black govala: This color is second in popularity. Make up of this color is very similar to the purple govala.The main difference in this type is that there are no bars on the wings. The sharp white marking that is looked after in purple govala is also is a quality that is wanted by fanciers from this color. In addition the first 6 to 12 flights must be white. Just like all other Çorum tumbler varieties this type also must be absolutely clean legged. All the other color and ornament qualities of the purple govala is valid for black govala.

Image
purple govala

Self white: Self white Çorum tumblers split into plain headed and head crested varieties. As it can be told from the name this type of birds do not carry any other color on them. The head crest being present only in this color Çorum tumbler gives us an indicator that this type might have been at one time in the history mixed with another breed. However, in recent years there have been sightings of other color Çorums with head crest. We believe this quality to become more popular in the close future. The head-crested self white birds are called "KEKİLLİ SÜTBEYAZ". The eyes of the self white birds tend to be pied color. This coloring becomes more obvious in the sunlight. This self white coloring reduces the value of the birds a great deal for the fanciers. However, this is no indication of the quality of the performance at all.

Çilli (Grizzle): We had already mentioned that this color is obtained by pairing a self white bird with any of the other colors above. Grizzle color Çorum tumbler because of esthetic reasons are considered to be the least valuable birds. This coloring again has nothing to do with the performance. Moreover, the head crest can also be seen in this color in addition to self white birds. Nose crest is not seen in this breed in any of the colors. The eyes of the grizzle Çorum tumblers are just like the self whites tends to be in a pied coloration.

Besides the black, gray, purple and red grizzle colorings this type of birds also come with tail marking. In general these birds are white bodied and black tailed colors and locally called “KARAKUYRUK” or “KARAKUYRUK ÇİLLİ”

Image
purple govala

PERFORMANCE QUALITIES:

Çorum tumblers fit into what we call the performance breeds class. Because of their tumbling performance quality they are kept with value in the region of the city of Çorum. There fore, the breeders from solid performing bloodlines are protected with care by fanciers.

Çorum tumbler's performance is very similar in all color variations. Color variations are not an indicator of any performance differences. There are two variations of Çorum performance one being the performing down to the coop and the other being the aerial performance. At times there are extremely high performing birds come out of this breed and at times with endurance flight abilities

The performance qualities looked for in the Takla breed is also the standard performance for this breed. Birds with mediocre or less performance is not considered to be valuable. Since the flight qualities of Çorum tumbler is very similar to the Takla around the city of Konya breed is called “Çorumlu Mardin” (Mardin {takla} from Çorum).

Çorum tumblers fly high. Compared to Takla they tend to start their full performance rather late. They play in very high altitudes. Especially when they are flown first time they raise to extreme altitudes. During the combination they perform 5 to 8 tumbles. Some of them fly very high when first flown then, loose altitude and start showing the standard performance to the coop.

Çorum tumblers do not show any reaction to droppers.

Landing on the ground vs. the roof tops type of problems seen in Takla does not exist in Çorum tumblers. This quality is an advantage for Çorum breeders, who keep their birds in balconies or attics. Because of its physical make up the breed stays very much in control in flight. Because of this and their timid nature, they do not show any difficulties taking to flight also.

Last word:

Çorum tumbler is one of the rare breeds the fanciers of this country can keep with joy. In Turkey, where Takla is kept predominantly because of its performance, we believe, with a quality presentation to the fanciers the Çorum breed can gain popularity very rapidly. For this reason we are calling on the fanciers of the city of Çorum to introduce this beautiful breed to other fanciers and share their vast knowledge on it with us.

Credits:

In creation of this article, his critique of the Physical Qualities section of the article and sharing his birds photos I would like to thank Mr. Mustafa Taşkın, a fancier out of Çorum.

I also would like to mention the insights of our valuable friend Veterinarian Mr. Ercan Çatal has helped a great deal in creation of this article.

To my wife Ayşe Ferahzade, who gives me great support in keeping this breed my love and to Mr. Mobilyacı Mehmet Kankurdan, who introduced me to this breed I would like to send my respect. He has helped me locate all colors and variations of the breed and shared his endless knowledge with me.


Ümit Ferahzade
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Kurt Gürsu
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